Tampa Bay Rowdies
Tampa Bay Rowdies logo (with Tampa Bay, two gold stars).svg
Full nameTampa Bay Rowdies
FoundedJune 18, 2008; 14 years ago (2008-06-18)
StadiumAl Lang Stadium
St. Petersburg, Florida
OwnersTampa Bay Rays
(Stuart Sternberg)
Head coachNeill Collins
LeagueUSL Championship
20223rd, Eastern Conference
Playoffs: Conference Finals
WebsiteClub website
Current season

The Tampa Bay Rowdies are an American professional soccer team based in St. Petersburg, Florida. The club was founded in 2008 and first took the pitch in 2010. Since 2017, the Rowdies have been members of the USL Championship in the second tier of the American soccer pyramid. They formerly played in USSF Division 2 (in 2010) and the North American Soccer League (NASL) (from 2011 to 2016), which were also second-tier leagues. The Rowdies play their home games at Al Lang Stadium on St. Petersburg's downtown waterfront.

The current club is a phoenix club of the original Tampa Bay Rowdies, who were active from 1975 until 1993, most notably in the original North American Soccer League. It shares its name, logo, and some of its club culture with the original club. The owners of the current club announced their intention to use the old Rowdies' trademarks at its introductory press conference in 2008. However, licensing issues forced the club to use the name FC Tampa Bay until December 2011, when it gained full rights to the Rowdies name and other intellectual property.[1] The current Rowdies have always used the same green and yellow color scheme and "hoops" as the original team, even when they could not yet use the Rowdies name.[2]

The Rowdies captured the NASL championship in Soccer Bowl 2012, and their team shield includes two stars: one for their 2012 win and one for the 1975 Soccer Bowl championship won by the original Rowdies. The club has had a long-standing rivalry with the Fort Lauderdale Strikers, with whom they have contested the Florida Derby since the original Rowdies and Strikers first met in 1977. The Rowdies were also named co-league champions in 2020 after winning the USL Regular Season title and Eastern Conference Championship, but the title game was canceled due to COVID-19. They were Eastern Conference Champions again in 2021, but lost in the title game.

In October 2018, the Tampa Bay Rays, the area's Major League Baseball franchise, announced plans to purchase the Rowdies and assume control of Al Lang Stadium.[3]


The original Tampa Bay Rowdies were an expansion franchise in the original North American Soccer League and played for 10 seasons in Tampa Stadium starting in 1975. NASL indoor competitions saw the Rowdies claim three titles during the 1976, 1979–1980, and 1983 seasons. The Rowdies played until the NASL folded in 1984, after which the team played in the AISA, ASL and the APSL before folding in 1993. Between the years of the former and current Rowdies franchises, the Tampa Bay Mutiny played in the Major League Soccer during 1996 through 2001, leaving less than ten years between professional soccer teams in Tampa Bay since the former Rowdies' first season in 1975 and FC Tampa Bay's first season in 2010. While the Mutiny have no connection to either Rowdies franchise, the team often paid tribute to the former Rowdies by wearing jerseys of their colors, and even wearing the logo of both the Tampa Bay Mutiny and Rowdies on the same shirt.

Club history

On June 18, 2008, local businessmen David Laxer, Andrew Nestor and Hinds Howard announced plans to start a new soccer club which would revive the Rowdies name as FC Tampa Bay Rowdies and start play in 2010 as an expansion team in the USL First Division, the second tier of the American Soccer Pyramid.[4] However, in November 2009 FC Tampa Bay announced their intent to instead become the co-founders of a new North American Soccer League, which would begin play in 2010.[5] These plans were subsequently superseded by the USSF Division 2 deal, which created a compromise one-season only league comprising teams from both the USL and the new NASL. In December 2013, local businessmen Bill Edwards bought a controlling interest in the club.[6] In October 2018, the Tampa Bay Rays baseball club announced their purchase the Rowdies for an undisclosed amount, pending St. Petersburg City Council approval. Once the sale was finalized, Rays presidents Matthew Silverman and Brian Auld became vice chairmen of the soccer club.[7][8]

Name changes

Tampa Bay taking the field in St. Louis, 2010

In January 2010, the club became known as "FC Tampa Bay" due to a legal dispute with sports apparel company Classic Ink over the merchandising rights to the Tampa Bay Rowdies name and related trademarks.[9] The name was still used informally by the club until October 2010, when the team announced that it would not use the "Rowdies" nickname at all until the ongoing rights issue was resolved.[10][11]

On December 15, 2011, after two seasons of play, the club announced that it had finally reached a licensing agreement to use the "Rowdies" name and classic logos, allowing it to change its name back to "Tampa Bay Rowdies" before the 2012 season.[1][2]

2010 season

The team played its first official game on April 16, 2010, a 1–0 victory over Crystal Palace Baltimore. The first goal in franchise history was scored by striker Aaron King. The first home game was held at George M. Steinbrenner Field in Tampa on May 8, 2010, and ended in a 2–2 draw with Austin Aztex FC. The club started their inaugural season with a 5–1–3 record, but then won only 2 of its last 21 games and failed to make the playoffs with a final record of 7–12–11, leading to dismissal of manager Paul Dalglish.[12] They did, however, capture the 2010 Ponce De Leon Cup.

2011 season

For the 2011 season, FC Tampa Bay transitioned to the new North American Soccer League, a second division league, and also changed their home pitch, as they moved across Tampa Bay to Al Lang Stadium in St. Petersburg. Former original Rowdie Ricky Hill was named the club's manager in January 2011.

After winning only 2 of their first 10 matches, the club rebounded to finish third in the league table and qualified for the NASL playoffs. A highlight was a 1–0 mid-season friendly win over the Bolton Wanderers of the English Premier League at Al Lang Stadium.

2012 season

The 2012 season marked the return of the Rowdies name, as the club was finally able to secure full rights to use the moniker. It was also the most successful season in modern Rowdies history, as the club finished second in the league table and became NASL champions with a victory in Soccer Bowl 2012.

Tampa Bay amassed 45 points in 28 matches during the regular season under returning manager Ricky Hill, tallying 12 wins, nine draws. and seven losses. The Rowdies earned a bye to the semifinals of the 2012 NASL Playoffs, where they beat the Carolina RailHawks by a 5–4 aggregate in the two-leg series. In the championship round against Minnesota Stars FC, the Rowdies fell behind 0–2 after the first leg but were able to tie the aggregate with a 3–1 win in the second leg back at Al Lang Stadium. Extra time ended scoreless, so the match was decided with a penalty shoot-out, which Tampa Bay won 3–2 to secure the league championship.[13] Hill was named the NASL Coach of the Year.

2013 season

The defending champions got off to a slow start in two pre-league tournaments, as they went winless in their first six contests against MLS and USL Pro clubs. The Rowdies improved enough in league play to finish 4th in the NASL spring table with a record of 5 wins, 3 draws, and 4 losses. The highlight of the early season was a run to the 4th round of the 2013 Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup, which included a 1–0 win over the Seattle Sounders of MLS.

The Rowdies went 5–4–4 during the fall portion of the schedule, good for 3rd place. The club earned 38 points over the entire campaign, second most in the league. However, because of the NASL's new split-season format, the Rowdies did not qualify for the playoffs.[14] Midfielder / striker Georgi Hristov led the team with 15 goals in all competitions and was named the NASL's Golden Ball Award winner (MVP).

2014 season

The Rowdies struggled in 2014, coming in 7th place in the NASL's spring season and 8th in the fall while allowing the most goals (50) in the league overall. The club rose to 3rd in the table midway through the fall campaign but tailed off, going winless over their last 10 matches. Manager Ricky Hill was dismissed after the season.

2015 season

Georgi Hristov playing for the Tampa Bay Rowdies against Jacksonville Armada FC on April 25, 2015.

The Tampa Bay Rowdies' new manager for 2015 was Thomas Rongen, who had coached the MLS's Tampa Bay Mutiny in 1996. The team also brought in another familiar face when Farrukh Quraishi, who had been a player and a youth development director for the original Rowdies, was named general manager.

In March 2015, the Rowdies traveled to Portugal to play several preseason friendlies against clubs in the Portuguese second and third division. It was the first time that the current club had undertaken an international tour.[15]

The Rowdies lost only one match during the NASL spring season, good for second place in the table. After starting the fall season 2–1–6, however, club owner Bill Edwards dismissed both Rongen and Quraishi.[16] Assistant Stuart Campbell was promoted to manager and led the team to a 3–4–4 record. The Rowdies finished the fall season in 8th out of 11 teams in the league table and missed the playoffs.

2016 season

For the second consecutive year, the Rowdies visited Europe during the preseason, traveling to England in March to play several friendlies. The Rowdies held their own against three lower division sides, going 1–2–0 in official matches. The results of the 2016 NASL season were not as good. The club went 4–4–2 in the NASL spring season, good for 5th out of eleven teams in the league table. However, results slipped in the fall portion of the schedule, and the Rowdies finished the season 9–11–12, missing the playoffs for the fourth consecutive year.[17] A few days before their final game of the season, the franchise announced they would be leaving the NASL to compete in the United Soccer League beginning with the 2017 season.[18]

2017 season

Having made the jump to the USL, the Rowdies served notice that they were not to be taken lightly. During the regular season they lost only once at home, and en route to finishing in third position on the USL's Eastern Conference table, lost only two of their final 15 matches. They posted a record of 14–11–7 with 53 points to propel them into the playoffs. In the USL Cup playoffs, they lost in extra time at home in the conference semifinals. It was only their second home-loss of the season.

2018 season

After a strong start the team lost three straight without scoring a goal. This prompted the firing of head coach Stuart Campbell on May 17, with defender Neill Collins retiring to accept the coaching vacancy the following day.[19] On July 4 Georgi Hristov scored his 58th career goal for the Rowdies, to pass Derek Smethurst and become the Rowdies’ all-time top scorer.[20] The team finished the season in 12th position on the Eastern Conference table.

2019 season

An extremely strong start saw the club go unbeaten in their first 13 matches and losing only once in their first 20. The final third of the season wasn't as successful, as the team lost half of their last 14 games, including 2 crucial losses to expansion sides in October that saw the club finish 5th in the Eastern Conference. Their return to the postseason was short-lived, as they lost 2–1 on the road in Louisville in the first round of the 2019 USL Championship Playoffs. Elsewhere, the club advanced to the third round of the 2019 U.S. Open Cup, defeating The Villages SC before falling to OKC Energy FC. The club also entered into a partnership with Norwich City FC[21] that saw defender Caleb Richards arrive on a season-long loan. Richards made 34 appearances, playing all but two minutes of the regular season, and scoring one goal.

Club venues

Al Lang Stadium

Al Lang Stadium showing soccer arrangement since 2015

The Rowdies' home pitch since 2011 has been Al Lang Stadium, a 7,500 seat former baseball stadium located on the downtown waterfront of St. Petersburg, Florida. When the club first moved to the venue, the pitch ran from the third base grandstand to right field wall, and the seating arrangement utilized the baseball grandstand along with temporary bleachers along one sideline. The arrangement has been tweaked every season since to provide a more traditional soccer experience for the fans.

The facility underwent a significant renovation in 2015 that reconfigured the pitch to run from the grandstand on one end to the left field wall on the other. A portion of the old right field wall was removed, and larger semi-permanent bleachers were installed along the south sideline, adding many more seats closer to the action and making Al Lang Stadium more soccer-friendly.

Stadium management

Although the Rowdies have been the only regular tenant of Al Lang Stadium since 2011, it was still used for exhibition and amateur baseball events during the spring and summer, necessitating the regular restoration and removal of the pitcher's mound and clay infield and causing much wear and tear to the turf.[22][23]

After becoming majority owner of the club in 2013, St. Petersburg businessman Bill Edwards expressed displeasure with the condition of the playing field and the aging facilities at Al Lang Stadium.[22] Months of rebuffed complaints about poor turf, leaky pipes, broken seats, and other issues[24] culminated in a July 2014 lawsuit filed by the Rowdies against the St. Petersburg Baseball Commission claiming that the commission was not properly maintaining the "dilapidated" facility.[25] The dispute was resolved in October 2014 when Edwards and the city of St. Petersburg brokered a deal that gave Edwards' Big 3 Entertainment company sole management control of Al Lang Stadium. As part of the arrangement, the facility would no longer be used for spring baseball, and Edwards agreed to complete $1.5 million in renovations as he sought to make Al Lang more soccer friendly.[26]

Former stadiums

George M. Steinbrenner Field

When the club was founded in 2008, its owners announced plans to build a 5000-seat soccer-specific stadium in northwest Tampa along the Veterans Expressway. These plans were shelved in early 2009 when residents living near the chosen site voiced concerns to the Hillsborough County Commission about potential noise and parking issues.[27]

After exploring other possible stadium sites around the Tampa Bay area, FC Tampa Bay decided to play its 2010 inaugural season at George M. Steinbrenner Field, an 11,000-seat baseball stadium near West Tampa. The club shared the facility with the Tampa Yankees, the Class A-Advanced affiliate of the New York Yankees,[28] which presented some difficulties. Scheduling home games was a challenge because the club's seasons overlapped for most of the summer. The pitcher's mound and the infield dirt could not be removed, forcing the soccer field to be set across the outfield from the right field foul line to left centerfield. This created a pitch much smaller than most professional soccer fields, and a large portion of the playing surface of one attacking third was clay.[29] And because of the difficulty of running on wet clay and potential damage to soggy turf, the Rowdies were not allowed to take the field when the ground was wet, which is often the case during Tampa's summer rainy season.[30]

Because of all these problems, the soccer club relocated to Al Lang Field for their second campaign.

Future plans

In 2013, the city of St. Petersburg began the process of creating a master plan for the waterfront area that includes Al Lang Stadium. Some of the proposals suggest replacing the entire stadium and surrounding parking areas with a soccer park complex centered by a new soccer-specific stadium.[31] Former club owner, Bill Edwards, had stated that "in a perfect world", Al Lang Stadium would be replaced by an 18,000-seat soccer-specific stadium, enabling the Rowdies to become a Major League Soccer club.[32]

Club culture


The Rowdies alternate "7510" logo

When the club first took the pitch in 2010, the badge was a green and yellow striped shield bearing the club name (FC Tampa Bay) and topped with a star representing the original Rowdies' victory in Soccer Bowl 1975. The badge was changed before the 2012 season to the original "Rowdies" text logo, and a second star was added after the club won Soccer Bowl 2012.[33]

In 2021, the club introduced an alternate crest, which still contained the text logo and stars, but with the addition of a figure styled after Ralph Rowdie, the mascot of the original club. It also had the numbers "75" and "10" to represent the founding year of the original club in 1975 and the current club in 2010.[34]


Ralph's Mob is an independent supporter group for the Rowdies named after "Ralph Rowdie", a fictional mustached footballer featured in the logo of the original Tampa Bay Rowdies.[35][36] The group is known for wearing green and gold striped scarves, socks, and face paint, and for loudly cheering on their team while teasing opponents, much like the "Fannies" of the original Rowdies.[37][38][39] Ralph's Mob has a designated seating area at home matches. Many members also travel to away games, particularly when the Rowdies play at in-state rival Fort Lauderdale.[40][41] A second group, the Skyway Casuals, is composed of supporters from the area south of the Skyway Bridge, mainly Bradenton and Sarasota.[42]


The Rowdies' traditional rivalry has been with the Fort Lauderdale Strikers. The rivalry began in 1977 between the original Tampa Bay Rowdies and the original Fort Lauderdale Strikers of the old NASL when the term Florida Derby was first used.[43] It came back into use again in the late 1990s, when both cities had MLS franchises (the Tampa Bay Mutiny & Miami Fusion).[44] Finally in 2010, after a nine-year absence Florida Derby re-entered the lexicon of American soccer, as the modern squads began facing one another.[45] The rivalry currently sits in limbo, after Rowdies' owner, Bill Edwards won a 2017 summary judgement in a lawsuit against the Strikers. Edwards now controls the copyrights, trademarks and any rights to the use of the name "Fort Lauderdale Strikers" or any variation thereof.[46][47][48]

Coastal Cup

The Coastal Cup (est. 2010) originally was contested between the Rowdies and Strikers, but with Jacksonville Armada FC's entry into the league in 2015 and Miami FC in 2016, the competition had grown to become quadrilateral.[49][50]

Rowdies 2

In December 2015 the Rowdies announced that they would begin fielding a developmental team in the National Premier Soccer League for the 2016 season and that the club would be called Rowdies 2.[51] The original Tampa Bay Rowdies had fielded a similarly named reserve/developmental squad from 1982 to 1983, but used Roman numerals to dub them Rowdies II.[52][53][54] Rowdies 2 competed in the Sunshine Conference of the South Region of NPSL, finishing in fourth place with a record of four wins, four losses, and two draws. The team disbanded in 2016.

Year League Regular season Playoffs U.S. Open Cup
2016 NPSL 4th, Sunshine Conference did not qualify Ineligible

Rowdies U23

In February 2017, The Rowdies announced that they would field a team in the USL's Premier Development League, with Rowdies U23 set to join the league this for 2017 PDL season.[55] Rowdies U23 will compete in the Southeast Division of the Southern Conference of PDL. The team went 3–8–3 in conference play and finished sixth out of nine teams. The team did not return for the 2018 season.

On January 15, 2020, USL League Two (formerly the PDL) announced that the Rowdies would be launching the U23 for the 2020 USL League Two season.[56] The team will play in the Southeast Division once again, play its games as Al Lang Stadium, and will be coached by former Rowdies player Andres Arango.

Year League Regular season Playoffs U.S. Open Cup
2017 PDL 6th, Southeast Division did not qualify Ineligible
2018 No team fielded
2020 USL2 TBD, Southeast Division TBD Ineligible

Tampa Bay United

In 2017, they formed a partnership with youth club Tampa Bay United to serve as their youth affiliate.[57] In 2021, TBU replaced the Rowdies U23 in USL League Two.[58]

Players and staff


As of April 21, 2023[59]
No. Pos. Player Nation
1 GK Connor Sparrow  United States
2 DF Conner Antley  United States
3 DF Forrest Lasso  United States
4 MF Lewis Hilton  England
7 MF Yann Ekra  France
8 MF Jake Areman  United States
9 FW JJ Williams  United States
10 FW Felix Schröter  Germany
11 MF Leo Fernandes  Brazil
14 MF Charlie Dennis  England
15 GK Phil Breno  United States
17 DF Tate Johnson ([A])  United States
18 DF Santi Castaneda ([A])  United States
19 DF Freddy Kleemann  United States
20 MF Zachary Herivaux  Haiti
21 MF Dayonn Harris  Canada
22 DF Jordan Doherty  Republic of Ireland
23 MF Sebastian Dalgaard  Denmark
26 FW Cal Jennings  United States
30 FW Ariel Martínez  Cuba
33 DF Aarón Guillén  Mexico
34 DF Ryan Spaulding (on loan from New England Revolution)  United States
56 GK Raiko Arozarena  Cuba
77 FW Lucky Mkosana  Zimbabwe
  1. ^
    USL Academy Contract

Technical staff

Stuart Dobson, Stuart Campbell, and Raoul Voss
  • Scotland Neill Collins – head coach / technical director
  • England Stuart Dobson – assistant coach
  • England Jon Stead – assistant coach
  • United States Eric Wilde – assistant coach
  • United States Pete Calabrese – performance coach
  • United States Eric Rudland – chief scout

Medical staff

  • United States Andrew Keane – head athletic trainer
  • United States Michelle Leget – assistant athletic trainer
  • United States Robert Dixon – massage therapist
  • United States Dr. Koco Eaton – team physician and orthopedic surgeon
  • United States Dr. Mohit Bansal – team physician and orthopedic surgeon
  • United States Dr. Christopher Salud – team physician
  • United States Dr. Samuel Meyers – team chiropractor

Front office

  • United States Brian Auld – vice chairman[60]
  • United States Matt Silverman – vice chairman
  • United States Lee Cohen – president / chief operating officer
  • United States Ryan Helfrick – Vice President
  • United States Garrett Mitchell – operations coordinator

Head coaches

Head Coach Years *Matches *Win-Draw-Loss
Scotland Paul Dalglish 2009–2010 30 7–11–12
United States Perry Van der Beck 2010 2 1–0–1
England Ricky Hill 2011–2014 120 45–35–40
Netherlands Thomas Rongen 2014–2015 19 7–5–7
Scotland Stuart Campbell 2015–2018 92 33–27–32
Scotland Neill Collins 2018–present #117 63–23–31

*Includes U.S. Open Cup and playoff matches. #Totals through 2021 season.

Retired numbers*

No. Player Position Nation Tenure
6 Mike Connell Defender South Africa South Africa 1975–1984
12 Perry Van der Beck Midfielder United States United States 1978–1982, 1984, 1991–1993

*Steve Wegerle's No. 7 jersey was retired by the original Tampa Bay Rowdies in 1989. As of yet the current club does not acknowledge this honor.[61]

Team captains

Player Seasons ref
United States Julian Valentin 2010 [62]
United States Frank Sanfilippo 2011–2014 [63]
Brazil Marcelo Saragosa 2015 [64]
England Tamika Mkandawire 2016 [65]
England Joe Cole 2017–2018 [66]
Uruguay Sebastián Guenzatti 2019–2022 [67]


This is a partial list of the last five seasons completed by the Rowdies. For the full season-by-season history, see List of Tampa Bay Rowdies seasons.

Season League Position Playoffs USOC Continental Average attendance Top goalscorer(s)
Div League Pld W L D GF GA GD Pts PPG Conf. Overall Name Goals
2018 2 USL 34 11 15 8 44 44 0 41 1.21 12th 22nd DNQ R2 DNQ 5,553 Bulgaria Georgi Hristov 7
2019 USLC 34 16 8 10 61 33 +28 58 1.71 5th 7th R1 R3 5,497 Uruguay Sebastián Guenzatti 19
2020 USLC 16 10 3 3 25 11 +14 33 2.06 4th 7th F NH N/A Uruguay Sebastián Guenzatti 10
2021 USLC 32 23 7 2 55 23 +32 71 2.22 1st 1st F NH 0 Uruguay Sebastián Guenzatti 21
2022 USLC 34 20 7 7 73 33 +40 67 1.97 3rd 4th SF R3 5,148 Brazil Leo Fernandes 19

^ 1. Avg. attendance include statistics from league matches only.
^ 2. Top goalscorer(s) includes all goals scored in league play, playoffs, U.S. Open Cup, and other competitive matches.

Notable friendlies

July 14, 2011 FC Tampa Bay 1–0 Bolton Wanderers St. Petersburg, Florida
7:30 pm Clare 65' Yellow card 85' Report Stadium: Al Lang Stadium
Attendance: 3,914
February 13, 2016 Tampa Bay Rowdies 0–1 D.C. United St. Petersburg, Florida
7:00 pm
Stadium: Al Lang Stadium
February 20, 2016 Tampa Bay Rowdies 0–2 Philadelphia Union St. Petersburg, Florida
7:00 pm Sweat Yellow card 1' Report
Stadium: Al Lang Stadium
February 27, 2016 Tampa Bay Rowdies 0–0 Montreal Impact St. Petersburg, Florida
7:00 pm Report Stadium: Al Lang Stadium


League Championship
Winners: 2012
Runners-up: 2021
Finalists: 2020[a]
  1. ^ Championship game canceled due to COVID-19 outbreak in the Rowdies camp.
Fair Play Award
Winners: 2011, 2012, 2014
USL Season Champion
USL Division Champion
2020, 2021
USL Conference Champion
2020, 2021
Ponce De Leon Cup
Winners: 2010, 2012
Coastal Cup
Winners: 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2016, 2020, 2021

Individual achievements

Golden Ball Award (MVP)
2013: Georgi Hristov
Golden Glove Award
2021: Evan Louro[68]
Coach of the Year
2012: Ricky Hill
2021: Neill Collins[69]
Goalkeeper of the Year
2021: Evan Louro[70]
Defender of the Year
2020: Forrest Lasso[71]
2021: Forrest Lasso[72]
2011: Pascal Millien, Mike Ambersley
2012: Jeff Attinella, Takuya Yamada, Luke Mulholland
2013: Luke Mulholland, Georgi Hristov
2016: Joe Cole
USL Championship MVP
2022: Leo Fernandes[73]
USL All-League
2017: (1st team) Marcel Schäfer
2019: (2nd team) Papé Diakité, Sebastián Guenzatti
2020: (1st team) Forrest Lasso
2021: (1st team) Evan Louro, Forrest Lasso, Sebastián Guenzatti[74]
2021: (2nd team) Aarón Guillén[74]
2022: (1st team) Leo Fernandes, Aarón Guillén[75]

See also


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  2. ^ a b "The Rowdies Return". Archived from the original on January 9, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  3. ^ Page, Rodney (October 1, 2018). "Tampa Bay Rays to purchase Rowdies soccer club". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  4. ^ Encina, Eduardo A. (June 19, 2008). "Tampa Bay Rowdies to get new life in USL". St. Petersburg Times. Archived from the original on June 28, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  5. ^ "USL outcasts set to launch new league in 2010". November 10, 2009. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  6. ^ Cashill, Margaret (December 12, 2013). "Bill Edwards buys controlling interest in Tampa Bay Rowdies". Tampa Bay Business Journal. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  7. ^ "The Rays are buying the Rowdies. What does it mean for Tampa Bay?". Tampa Bay Times. October 1, 2018. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  8. ^ "Rays purchase USL's Tampa Bay Rowdies". ESPN. October 2, 2018. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  9. ^ Quarstad, Brian. "Tampa Bay Rowdies Change Name to FC Tampa Bay | IMSoccer News". Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  10. ^ "Tampa Bay's soccer team no longer going by "Rowdies" – St. Petersburg Times". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on October 13, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  11. ^ Jarrett Guthrie (November 23, 2010). "FC Tampa Bay to be included in NASL's Division II". Archived from the original on January 27, 2011. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
  12. ^ "Rowdies close with 6–3 win". October 1, 2010. Archived from the original on February 3, 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
  13. ^ NASL. "Tampa Bay Wins NASL Championship Series After Penalty Shootout – Rowdies Lift Soccer Bowl Trophy in Dramatic Fashion". North American Soccer League.
  14. ^ "NASL standings". NASL. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
  15. ^ "Tampa Bay Rowdies Head to Portugal for Preseason Tour". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015.
  16. ^ Fennelly, Martin (May 17, 2016). "Longtime Rowdies, a self-made owner and bruised feelings". The Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved May 24, 2016.
  17. ^ "Rowdies End Season With Loss". Tampa Bay Times. October 30, 2016. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
  18. ^ "USL Expands with Additions of Tampa Bay Rowdies, Ottawa Fury FC". United Soccer League (USL). October 25, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
  19. ^ Kennedy, Will (May 18, 2018). "Rowdies transition defender Neill Collins to head coach". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  20. ^ "Hristov Writes More Rowdies History in 3–1 Win Over Toronto". July 5, 2018. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  21. ^ "Rowdies And Norwich City FC Launch Historic Partnership".
  22. ^ a b "Edwards to city: Fix Al Lang field or the Rowdies may have to move". Tampa Bay Times.
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  24. ^ "Tampa Bay Rowdies fans complain about Al Lang Stadium". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  25. ^ "Bill Edwards sues baseball commission over Al Lang Stadium". Tampa Bay Times.
  26. ^ "St. Petersburg City Council gives developer Bill Edwards control of Al Lang Stadium". Tampa Bay Times.
  27. ^ Danielson, Richard (January 13, 2009). "Rowdies withdrawal request to build soccer stadium". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on October 30, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
  28. ^ "Tampa Bay Rowdies will play at New York Yankees' Steinbrenner Field – St. Petersburg Times". Tampa Bay Times. January 27, 2010. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  29. ^[dead link]
  30. ^ "FC Tampa Bay considers playing soccer at St. Petersburg's Al Lang Field – St. Petersburg Times". Tampa Bay Times. January 7, 2011. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  31. ^ Woodrow Cox, John. "St. Petersburg creates master plan for downtown waterfront". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
  32. ^ O'Donnell, Christopher (June 9, 2014). "Rowdies getting closer to stadium goal in St. Pete". Tampa Tribune / Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
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